Our Publications


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Knowledgemaze is a blog for ideas in the making, thought processes and initial articulations surrounding access to knowledge. Through the Egyptian and global community of academics, researchers, techies, journalists and activists concerned with the question of access to knowledge, we present writings and conversations about the range of possibilities that render knowledge accessible as well as challenges and regimes that circumvent this access. Examples of issues include innovation, development, data, internet governance, copyrights, free and open source software, and open licensing.

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Open AIR Blog

The Open African Innovation Research Partnership (Open AIR) blog is a platform for network members, including members of the New and Emerging Researchers Group (NERGs) to share ongoing research insights and reflections on event participation. The blog offers a platform for wider network members to remain engaged with the ongoing activities of Open AIR.

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“Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Egypt” by Nagla Rizk and Hassan Azzazzy, 2016.

By Nagla Rizk and Hassan Azzazzy, 2016.
The authors shed light on the role of entrepreneurship and innovation in restructuring Egypt as well as their potential for promoting economic development.

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“Global Censorship and Access to Knowledge: Shifting Modes, Persisting Paradigms” by Prakash Prakash, Nagla Rizk and Carlos de Souza, 2015

In a series of case studies, authors trace the metamorphosis of the different means used by governments and private corporations to control speech in the context of emerging digital publics.

Book Chapters

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“Open Approaches to Sharing: Egypt’s Independent Music: A Realm of Sharing and Creativity.”

By Nagla Rizk, 2018 This chapter taps into independent music consumption and production in Egypt and explores how art can be leveraged through intellectual property (IP) strategies which are conducive to creative progress.  

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“A Gendered Analysis of Ridesharing: Perspectives from Cairo, Egypt.”

By Nagla Rizk, Nancy Salem, and Nadine Weheba, 2018 Through a lived experience methodology, this research offers a gendered analysis of the sharing economy through the experience of ridesharing applications in Cairo.  

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“ICT strategy development: from design to implementation – case of Egypt.”

By Nagla Rizk and Sherif Kamel, 2017 We explore the evolution of the ICT sector in Egypt, focusing on national ICT strategy development within the context of an emerging economy.

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“Behind Egypt’s Communication Outage of 2011: Censorship and Economic Liberty.”

By Nagla Rizk, 2015 An economic perspective on the impacts of the 2011 Internet outage in Egypt.

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“Media Concentration in Egypt”

By Nagla Rizk, 2015 This chapter sheds light on the status of media concentration, ownership and diversity in Egypt.

Journal Articles

“A Glimpse into the Sharing Economy: An Analysis of Uber Driver-Partners in Egypt.”

By Nagla Rizk, 2017
Based on a field survey of a sample of Uber driver-partners in Cairo, the paper offers a glimpse of ride-sharing Egypt through the eyes of the driver-partners themselves.

“Revolution, Graffiti and Copyright: The Cases of Egypt and Tunisia.”

By Nagla Rizk, 2015
How can copyright regimes best suit the priorities of both revolutionary graffiti artists and the consumers of their art? We explore the possibilities offered by the increasingly widespread use of and access to online digital platforms.


“Capacity Building and Skills Development in the Solar Energy Sector in Egypt: The Case of Tiba.”

By Nagla Rizk, Nancy Salem and Youmna Hashem, 2018.
We detail the experience of a capacity-building initiative by Tiba Solar, an Egyptian micro-factory producing photovoltaic (PV) cells.

“Efficiency Assessment of Oasis Hotel in Utilizing a Hybrid Solar Energy System.”

By Nagla Rizk, Nancy Salem, and Youmna Hashem, 2018
This case study investigates the economics behind the implementation of solar energy initiatives specifically in the Oasis Hotel in Marsa Allam, Egypt.

“Briefing Note: Open Data Management Plan Middle East and North Africa.”

By Nagla Rizk et al., 2018
The Open Data Management Plan outlines important concepts relating to data management, security, storage and long-term preservation in the Middle East and North Africa.

“Towards an Alternative Assessment of Innovation in Africa.”

By Nagla Rizk et al., 2018.
This paper argues for the need of additional dimensions to innovation which is currently under-measured by conventional metrics of innovation activities. Available here

“Behind the Number: A Review of Index Methodologies to Improve Innovation Measurement in Africa.”

By Islam Hassouna, 2018
The author explores the methodologies of 16 indices in innovation, information and communication technologies, economic environment, governance, and development.  
Available here

“The Maker Movement Across North Africa.”

By Nagham ElHoussamy and Nagla Rizk, 2018
Available here

“Civic Engagement and the Arab Networked Public Sphere: A Synthesis of Research Findings.”

By A2K4D and Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, 2016
We explore observations and findings of a collaborative project undertaken by A2K4D and the Berkman Center to study the Arab networked public sphere and to better understand the role of digitally mediated communication in civic engagement.

“Studying the Arab Networked Public Sphere: A Reflection on Methods.”

By A2K4D and Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, 2016
This study sets out to assess the role of the networked public sphere in civil engagement and social mobilization in the Arab world and particularly Egypt and Tunisia.

“The Networked Public Sphere and Civic Engagement in Post-2011 Egypt: A Local Perspective.”

By Nagla Rizk, Lina Attalah and Nadine Weheba, 2016
This research examines the Networked Public Sphere (NPS) and its impact on spurring political debate, mobilization, and civic engagement in Egypt four years following the 2011 uprisings.